Marlon Blackwell Announced as ArchEx Keynote

AIA Virginia is pleased to announce that Marlon Blackwell FAIA, will be a keynote speaker at Architecture Exchange East (ArchEx). Blackwell is the 2020 AIA Gold Medal winner — the AIA’s highest annual honor given to an individual. His talk will be presented live at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts on Friday, Nov. 5, 2021. Audience members will have the option to join the program in person or online. Registration is now open through Nov. 5. See the complete agenda.

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AIA Virginia Newsletter: July 2021

Moving Forward Together
From the crisis, we have changed, for better, or worse. We can slide backward, or we can create something new. AIA Virginia is creating something new.
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Join Us in Elevating the Voice of the Profession!
At the Special Meeting of the Membership held on June 3rd, the membership voted overwhelmingly to support the governance change to open up service on the four advisory Councils of AIA Virginia to the membership!
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Registration Open for Art of Practice: What’s Next
National Large Firm Roundtable Chair and 2020 Kemper Award Winner Carole Wedge, FAIA, will give the keynote address at Art of Practice on Aug. 4. Registration is now open.
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Associated Thoughts: Uncomfortable Normalcy
What is “normal”? Who is “normal”? Who gets to decide what characteristics get to define that for you, for me, for us?
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Jonathan Moody Announced as Wednesday Keynote at ArchEx
AIA Virginia is pleased to announce that the 2021 Young Architects Award winner and president/CEO of the 2021 AIA Architecture Firm of the Year Jonathan Moody, AIA, will be a keynote speaker at Architecture Exchange East (ArchEx) on Wed., Nov. 3. Read more>>

Let’s Welcome Our New PAC Investors!
We cannot have an influential voice without having relationships with our state legislators. As such, the PAC allows us the opportunity to build these necessary relationships through attending various fundraisers.
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Are You Ready to Get Licensed?
Thanks to a generous grant from The Branch Museum of Architecture & Design, AIA Virginia can offer 25 Associate members a 60-day subscription to the Amber Book for only $50.
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Inform Magazine Call for Content: The Education Issue
Do you have a case study, research, or best practices to share in the Education Issue of Inform? Submit your content suggestions to the editor.

New Architects
Congratulations to the following members for passing their exams and gaining licensure.
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AIA Virginia Arranges for Free Legal Advice for You
AIA Virginia and O’Hagan Meyer Attorneys + Advisors have partnered together to provide up to 30 minutes of legal counseling for AIA Members.
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Combined Event Calendar
Inform Magazine compiles all our favorite design-inspired events and educational programming into one place so you can always stay on the cutting edge. Is there an event we should include? Suggest a program by submitting the details online. See upcoming events>>

Meet the Fellows
Which 2021 Fellow is passionate about community-driven design, placemaking, and architecture?
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Welcome These New Members
We are always excited to welcome new members to Virginia. The following members recently joined the ranks of AIA Virginia.
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The COTE Corner
Looking for a way to really move the needle on green materials? Check out the Materials Pledge.
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Continuing Education Programming
Drainage + Drying in the Exterior Wall
July 21 @ 12:00 pm – 1:00 pm
1 AIA LU | HSW

Unique Brick Architecture
July 22 @ 12:00 pm – 1:00 pm
1 AIA LU | HSW

Art of Practice: What’s Next
August 4 @ 1:00 pm – 5:30 pm
4.25 AIA LU

Where’s Corey?
Executive Vice President, Corey Clayborne, is back to traveling around the state to visit firms, components, partner organizations, and universities.
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VA Licensing Advisor
If you are on the path to licensure and have any questions, Michael Hammon is here to help.
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Highlights from the June Board Meeting
Read about the decisions made and items discussed at the last meeting of the AIA Virginia Board of Directors.
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Knowledge Community Grant

KC Grant 2022

Application for Knowledge Community Grants
grants from $1-$1,000 awarded annually
include any event date(s) if applicable.

Cold-Formed Steel Light-Frame Construction

Tips for a thorough yet expeditious plan review and inspection.

The Cold-Formed Steel (CFS) has been one of the most commonly used building material in commercial buildings for decades. In spite of that, the International Building Code (IBC) is somewhat vague on the subject. Although, Chapter 22 of the IBC refers the reader to the appropriate design Standards, in most cases, the local Building Departments do not have access to said Standards. Additionally, some manufacturers have “proprietary” methods of installation for some of their components.

Coupling the above with, in some instances, spartan drawings/construction documents, could lead to longer building plan review turnaround time and/or plan review and inspection rejections.
A good way to facilitate the project approval is to ensure that the construction documents contain the necessary level of specificity and details; while at the same time, not overwhelming the plan reviewer/inspector with unnecessary information. Likewise, coordination between architectural and structural details is a must in order to avoid conflicting details.

The items below may not apply to all projects, however, they are recommended to be specified and appropriately detailed on the construction documents, as applicable.

  • Size, gage, span rating and spacing of studs
  • Size, gage of C-Sections (tracks)
  • Size, gage, span rating and spacing of joists
  • Type, size and location of required joist stiffeners
  • Type, size, location and span rating of required braces/kickers
  • Top of wall detail
  • Type, gage and size of required deflection tracks
  • Construction details for soffits and other suspended architectural features
  • Type, size, gage and spacing of resilient channels
  • Type, size and amount of required fasteners at each type of connection; i.e.: bottom track to slab; stud to bottom/top track; stud to deflection track; deflection track to supporting building components; brace/kicker to stud/top track and supporting element; etc.

Whilst all the items indicated above are important, specific attention will be given in this writing to deflection tracks and suspended architectural features.

Deflection Tracks
Taking into account the variety of available products and the differences between products and/or manufacturers, special consideration should be given to the design/review/installation/inspection of deflection tracks. Some of the most common types of deflection tracks offered by the industry, are: slotted track; (single) deep leg deflection track; and double deflection track.

The design should recognize the two key deflection track type differences noted in the chart below; and the construction documents should specifically identify and detail the applicable condition. Intermixing the requirements between the different deflection track types will result in wall assembly failure.

View the Deflection track considerations>>

The amount of deflection needed for any given wall assembly is a very important factor; thus, the “gap” required between the top of the stud and deflection track should be specified on the construction documents so that it can easily be identified and facilitated by the contractor; and verified by the reviewer/inspector.

Often, wall assemblies are required to have a fire and/or smoke resistance rating. Not all the deflection tracks available on the market are listed for installation in rated assemblies. When the deflection tracks are part of a rated wall assembly, the construction documents should contain sufficient information to demonstrate the adequacy of the deflection track for the proposed fire/smoke resistance-rated assembly.

Soffits, Bulkheads and other Suspended Architectural Features (SBSAF)
For obvious reasons, the correct installation and/or construction of SBSAF’s is paramount to the safety of building occupants. Unfortunately, way too often the construction drawings lack sufficient details for the construction of SBSAF’s.

The construction documents should provide details for all the different configurations that may apply to the project; i.e. SBSAF’s installed parallel vs. perpendicular to the supporting building components (roof joists, rafters, trusses, etc.). Cut section details should clearly identify the type, size, gage, and spacing of all the applicable building components required for the construction of SBSAF, as well as the type, size, and the number of required fasteners at each type of connection.

The total weight of SBSAF’s is critical to the overall design. When SBSAF’s are supported by existing roof systems, a structural analysis of the existing roof system may be required to ensure the adequacy of the existing system in supporting the additional weight imposed onto it. On new construction, the weight of the SBSAF’s needs to be shown on the roof framing layout so that it can accurately be accounted for in the overall roof framing design.

Special attention should be given to existing walls converted to SBSAF’s. If the interior partition walls are continuous from slab/floor to the floor/ceiling, or roof above, a deflection track (or clips) will be utilized at the top of the wall. As such, if the bottom portion of the wall is cut off to create a SBSAF, the existing top of wall condition is critical to the overall support of the remaining SBSAF. In most cases, additional braces and supports are required. While not always possible before actual demolition/construction commencement, an effort should be made to identify existing conditions and to appropriately detail them on the construction drawings.

Conclusions
The overall success of a project is, in part, directly proportional with the team-like mentality and coordination between the designers, plan reviewer, contractor, and inspector.

Although the building codes throughout Virginia are Uniform (Statewide Building Code), the internal processes and policies vary amongst local Building Departments. It is recommended for designers to reach out to the local Building Departments prior to permit application and inquire as to the specificity required on the drawings. Some localities may accept less detailed construction documents while others may require information above and beyond that which is suggested in this writing.

Florin Moldovan, MCP
Code & Regulation Specialist
DHCD, Division of Building and Fire Regulations
florin.moldovan@dhcd.virginia.gov

Migrant Labor Camps

submitted by the Virginia Department of Housing and Community Development

Housing for migrant farmworkers is a subject rarely discussed, or even thought of, throughout most of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Surprising to many, there are currently over 260 migrant labor camps permitted by the Virginia Department of Health spread out over the entire state and this is actually a considerable reduction from previous years. When hearing the term “migrant labor camp” some will picture a group of trailers or even tents on a farm where seasonal farmworkers live during harvest time and in some instances that scenario may actually exist. However, that would actually be the exception rather than typical.

The Code of Virginia defines Migrant Labor Camp as “one or more structures, buildings, tents, barracks, trailers, vehicles, converted buildings, and unconventional enclosures of living space, reasonably contiguous, together with the land appertaining thereto, established, operated or used as living quarters for one or more persons, one or more of whom is a migrant worker engaged in agricultural or fishing activities, including related food processing.” The definition also excludes a summer camp, campground or hotel as defined in § 35.1-1 of the Code of Virginia; housing that, in the ordinary course of business, is regularly offered to the general public on a commercial basis and is provided to any migrant worker on the same or comparable terms and conditions as provided to the general public; and small businesses that are exempt under federal law as provided in the Fair Labor Standards Act and the Migrant and Seasonal Worker Protection Act.

While barracks, bunkhouses and even trailer parks are not uncommon, it is also not unusual for a migrant labor camp to be one or more single-family homes. In many cases, these are farmhouses or guest houses located on a farm where the owner no longer resides and provides as farmworker housing instead.

Rules and regulations governing the construction and maintenance of Migrant Labor Camps (12VAC5-501) have been promulgated by the State Board of Health to ensure that safe and healthy living conditions are provided for migrant workers and their families while they are employed and living in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The chapter establishes standards and procedures that the State Health Commissioner will follow in determining whether a permit to operate a migrant labor camp should be issued, denied, revoked, or suspended. In a similar way the chapter also delineates the procedures and requirements with which a camp must comply in order for the camp operator to obtain and retain a permit.

The State Board of Health has the responsibility to promulgate, amend and repeal regulations necessary to protect the public health, the State Department of Health is designated as the primary agent for the purpose of administering these regulations and the district or local health department is responsible for implementing and enforcing the regulatory activities required by these regulations.

The Migrant Labor Camp regulation references the occupational safety and health (OSHA) standards governing temporary labor camps and states that all newly constructed migrant labor camps shall comply with the Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code (USBC). While the
requirement to comply with the USBC appears to be straightforward and simple, it can and has created some confusion for camp owners, operators, Building Officials and Registered Design Professionals for various reasons. The most obvious is that it states “all newly constructed”. Does that mean a remodel, renovation, addition or perhaps change of occupancy is not subject to the VUSBC?

The short answer is no; all construction and changes in the use of buildings or structures in the Commonwealth of Virginia, unless specifically exempted, is subject to the VUSBC. However, there are challenges to compliance with the VUSBC while concurrently complying with the Migrant Labor Camp regulations and the referenced OSHA standard.

An example of this is a recently discovered conflict in regards to insect screening. The referenced OSHA standard section 29CFR 1910.142(b) (7) states that all exterior openings shall be effectively screened with 16-mesh material and screen doors are to be equipped with self-closing devices. In accordance with the VUSBC, pivot and side-hinged swinging doors shall swing in the direction of travel where serving a room or area containing an occupant load of 50 or more persons. In a barracks or multi-dwelling unit building, exceeding an occupant load of 49 persons is certainly not unheard of and meeting both criteria is not possible without adding a vestibule or a screened-in porch. In some cases, neither option is feasible. In cases such as this, where a conflict exists between the VUSBC and the OSHA standards, there are other options to resolving the conflict.

The regulations outline procedures for the State Health Commissioner or his designee to grant a variance and in a case such as described above this is likely the better option due to the life safety implications. The USBC also grants the local Building Official the authority to approve a modification upon application from an owner or owner’s agent provided the spirit and functional intent are observed and public health, welfare and safety are assured. In some cases, this is the better option and should certainly be given consideration. Collaboration between stakeholders is the key to resolving any conflicts between the OSHA standards and the USBC. It is to the advantage of all stakeholders including camp owners, operators, design professionals, the local health department and the building department to work collaboratively to ensure that safe and healthy living conditions are provided for migrant workers and their families while they are employed and living in the Commonwealth of Virginia.

Virginia Department of Housing and Community Development
600 E. Main St. Suite 300
Richmond, VA 23219
804-371-7175

2021 Membership Dues

Over recent years, AIA Virginia has undertaken significant steps to improve member value while reducing organization expenses. In 2020, Supplemental Firm Dues were completely eliminated! This means there are no other dues obligations outside of individual membership dues.

You spoke loudly—the most important thing we at AIA Virginia do for you is advocacy. You expressed a desire for us to be more proactive on issues that elevate the importance of architects and good design. We heard you.

The AIA Virginia PAC supports legislators who understand our agenda and support our goals without regard to political party affiliation. By speaking with a unified voice, architects can influence legislation affecting our profession and the quality of life in our communities. For more information regarding the AIA Virginia PAC, please click here to read the FAQs.

How much of my 2021 dues payment will go to the AIA Virginia PAC?
$5 for Associate AIA members
$10 for Architect members
$10 for International Associate members

If this investment is acceptable, no action is required on your part. If you wish to divert your 2021 PAC allocation to our general operating account, please let us know by going to https://www.aiava.org/2021-dues-pac-opt-out/.

If you have any questions, please contact Corey Clayborne, FAIA, NOMA, MBA at cclayborne@aiava.org. Thank you for believing in what we do.